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The Punjabi Language LandscapeSee also: Translation Agencies in India See also: Translation Companies in India
Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by inhabitants of the historical Punjab region (now split between India and Pakistan) and their diasporas. Speakers include adherents of the religions of Islam, Sikhism, and Hinduism. By a conservative classification of its member dialects (excluding Siraiki), it has over 90 million native speakers, which makes it the 11th most widely spoken language in the world. Unusually for an Indo-European language, Punjabi is tonal; the tones arose as a result of the loss of the voiced aspirate consonant series found in most Indo-Aryan languages. The written standard for Punjabi for at least 300 years has been based on the Majhi dialect, the dialect of the historical region of Majha, which spans the Amritsar District and Gurdaspur District of the Indian State of Punjab and the Lahore District of the Pakistani Province of Punjab.
In Indo-Aryan dialectology generally, the presence of transitional dialects creates problems in assigning some dialects to one or another "language". However, over the last century there has usually been little disagreement when it comes to defining the core region of the Punjabi language. In modern India, the states are largely designed to encompass the territories of major languages with an established written standard. Thus Punjab is the Punjabi language state. Some of its major urban centers are Ludhiana, Amritsar, Chandigarh, Jalandhar, and Patiala.
Source: Wikipedia – Content available under GNU Free Documentation License Related Article: The Global Language Landscape – Languages in Use on the Internet
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